go to seeing go to reading go to learning go to playing go to making go to knowing




go to animal kingdom

go to farm animals

go to mammals

go to birds

go to fish and the like

go to reptiles

go to amphibians

go to invertebrates

 
  title of the text on mammals  
         
 
go to canidae go to felidae go to delphinidae go to elephantidae go to camelidae
 
  A dog is a mammal, as you know. I'll then tell you about this very important group of the animal kingdom. Mammals are distinguished from other animals by feeding on a milk secretion during their first life months (or life years) and the birth of live young. Children are suckled at their mother's breast. The milk-secreting organ of a female mammal is the mamma or mamilla, these words coming respectively from the Latin words mamma and mamilla; hence the word mammal as well. The woman's mamma is usually called breast.

Mammals also distinguish from other animals by having hair or fur covering their body skin, which protects them against the environment and keeps their body temperature more or less always at the same level.

Mammals are vertebrate animals whose heart pumps the blood through the circulatory system by rhythmic contraction and dilatation. Mammals show a complete separation of the heart into two pumps that do not communicate with each other; each pump is divided into two chambers: the ventricle and the atrium.

Besides dogs and also humans, a lot more animals belong to the mammal
class, which is subdivided into orders:
• The gorilla, the chimpanzee and other apes are primates; humans are also
Primates.
• The mole and the hedgehog are
insectivorous mammals.
• The bat is a nocturnal mammal belonging to the order
Chiroptera.
• Dogs, lions, cats, bears and many other mammals are
carnivores.
• The cow, the ox and the camel are
hoofed mammals or ungulates usually domesticated as beasts of burden like the horse and the ass.
• The whale, the dolphin and the porpoise are marine mammals of the order
Cetacea.
• Rats, mice, squirrels and rabbits are
rodents; they have no canine teeth and their incisors are always growing.
• To the order
Edentata (meaning toothless) belong pangolins and armadillos, known for having a leathery armor shell.
• The kangaroo and the koala are mammals whose young are carried and suckled in a pouch on the mother's belly; they are called
marsupials.
• The platypus and the echidna belong to the
monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to a live young.

Orders are divided into smaller groups called families; some widely known families are: Canidae (dog family), Felidae (cats), Delphinidae (dolphins), Elephantidae (elephants), Camelidae (camels). Click on the above pictures to learn about them.

 
Barry's signature
 
  back to mammals  
 
   
       
    All Texts and Illustrations © Dulce Rodrigues, 2009. All rights reserved